SciCADE 2013
International Conference on Scientific Computation and Differential Equations
September 16-20, 2013, Valladolid (Spain)

Invited Talk

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Modified Trigonometric Integrators

R. McLachlan and A. Stern

We study modified trigonometric integrators, which generalize the popular class of trigonometric integrators for highly oscillatory Hamiltonian systems by allowing the fast frequencies to be modified. Among all methods of this class, we show that the IMEX (implicit-explicit) method, which is equivalent to applying the midpoint rule to the fast, linear part of the system and the leapfrog (Störmer/Verlet) method to the slow, nonlinear part, is distinguished by the following properties: (i) it is symplectic; (ii) it is free of artificial resonances; (iii) it is the unique method that correctly captures slow energy exchange to leading order; (iv) it conserves the total energy and a modified oscillatory energy up to second order; (v) it is uniformly second-order accurate in the slow components; and (vi) it has the correct magnitude of deviations of the fast oscillatory energy, which is an adiabatic invariant. These theoretical results are supported by numerical experiments on the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam problem and indicate that the IMEX method, for these six properties, dominates the class of modified trigonometric integrators.

[1] R. I. McLachlan and A. Stern, Modified trigonometric integrators, arXiv:1305.3216

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